ISO File – Explained

An ISO file is the most popular format through which almost all GNU/Linux distributions are offered. By offering a single ISO file, the users can easily download the entire contents of the CD and burn it.
You have to burn the ISO properly and not as a single file. Your burning software will probably have some kind of facility to burn a CD image.

Tech Tags: Linux

GNU/Linux – Live CD

I am writing this article for those of you who want to know more about the GNU/Linux system and how they can try it without risking their data.

GNU/Linux is a free (free as in freedom) operating system which can run on many platforms. GNU/Linux has many features like greater security, ability to run on low-end systems and so on. Moreover there are loads of free software preinstalled with a GNU/Linux that it make common tasks that you used to do with your Windows easy with GNU/Linux.
For those of you who would like to try GNU/Linux but would not want to install it before seeing the power of Linux, there is a solution. There are Live CDs of GNU/Linux that can be put in your CDROM drive to boot directly into a feature rich GNU/Linux system.
I would suggest two popular Live CDs

  • Knoppix is based on the Debian system which has more than 2GB of free softwares compressed onto a single CD.
  • Ubuntu is based on the now popular Ubuntu system (which is based on Debian).

So you have chosen your Distribution. Here are the steps to boot into your Linux box.

  1. You just have to download the ISOs of the distribution you like and burn it onto a CD.
  2. Pop it in your CDROM drive and adjust the boot sequence of your system to boot from the CD.
  3. Boot your system and press Enter when shown.
  4. Bingo! You have just booted into your GNU/Linux system.

If you want to return back to Windows, you just have to remove the CD and reboot, and you are back with your old Windows.
Play around with your system and wait for more articles on how to continue from your Live CD to a full fledged installed GNU/Linux system.
If at all you face any problems, feel free to comment here.

Tech Tags: Linux GNU/Linux Knoppix Ubuntu Live+CD Live CD Debian

Ubuntu OEM Installation

An OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) installation mode is now available for Ubuntu 5.10. This will help OEMs (lke HP, Dell or even your local computer store) to pre-install Ubuntu on a computer and sell it to you. Once you buy the computer, the first time you power up, you will be asked to set your time zone, create a new user and basically customize the computer for your use.

With the OEM installation mode, it is hoped that more and more vendors will pre-install Ubuntu on the computers they sell. This would increase the number of Home users using Free Softwares like GNU/Linux. OEM Installation can be done easily using the Install CD.
Here are the steps for OEM Installation:

The Ubuntu Wiki has some documentation about the OEM Installer. Here are the seven easy steps.

  1. Place the Ubuntu 5.10 Install CD in the CD-ROM Drive and power on the computer.
  2. At boot:, type oem and press Enter.
  3. The Ubuntu 5.10 installer will run. Follow the on-screen instructions to start the installation.
  4. Once the installation is complete, you will be informed that Ubuntu 5.10 has been fully installed and the computer is ready for shipping.
  5. You can also run a system test to check if the installation of Ubuntu 5.10 OEM mode went smoothly. The system test will run the Ubuntu Hardware Database and will check if the hardware is configured correctly.
  6. Sell the Computer (The next step is for the potential buyer)
  7. Power on your new Ubuntu-powered computer (or laptop!). You will be asked to select your language, keyboard layout, time zone configuration, and create your first user account. The first user account created has administrative rights via sudo. Since Ubuntu 5.10 is a multi-user system, you can create more user accounts as needed.
Tech Tags: ubuntu linux OEM